Foreign companies may set up business in India any kind of one of the next manners while retaining its status like a foreign company:
Liaison Offices – A foreign company can open a liaison office in India to maintain its Indian operations, to promote its business interests, to spread awareness belonging to the company’s products as well as to explore further opportunities. Liaison offices are not allowed to carry on any business or earn any income in India and every one of expenses are in order to become borne by remittances from abroad.
Project Offices – The project office is the ideal method for companies to establish a legitimate income opportunity presence in India, if the object is to have a presence for modest period of season. It is essentially a branch office launched with the limited purpose for executing a specific problem. Foreign companies engaged in turnkey construction or installation normally set-up a project office for their operations in India.
Branch Offices – Foreign companies involved Online LLP Registration Process in India manufacturing and trading activities outside India may open branch offices for on the road of:
oRepresenting the parent company or other foreign companies in a variety of matters in India, like acting as buying and selling agents.
oConducting research, wherein the parent company is engaged, provided the results of this research are made available to Indian companies
oUndertaking export and import trading situations.
oPromoting technical and financial collaborations between Indian and foreign companies.
Trading companies – Foreign companies may invest in trading companies engaged primarily in exports. Such trading companies are treated at par with domestic trading companies in accordance with the trade policy.
The RBI accords automatic approval for foreign equity significantly as 51 per cent for setting up trading companies engaged primarily in exports. All other proposals, which do not meet the criteria for automatic approval, can be addressed to the Foreign Investment Promotion Board, i.e. “FIPB”.
Wholly owned subsidiaries – Foreign companies may set up a wholly owned subsidiary, which can be an Indian Company a great independent legal status, distinct from parents foreign company.
Under the current foreign investment policy, a wholly owned subsidiary can be established either underneath the automatic route, when the conditions specified therein are complied with (specific high priority industries) or get the approval from the FIPB.
Joint venture companies – Foreign companies may set up a joint venture company i.e. economical collaboration with an Indian business house/company in India, and an Indian Company with an independent legal status, distinct from the parent foreign company.
Under the current foreign investment policy, a joint venture can be established either under the automated route, if the physical conditions specified therein are complied with or obtain an approval from the FIPB.
Foreign companies intending to construct any type of office stated previously activities on the part the parent company or foreign trading companies in India for promotion of exports from India have to obtain a prior approval for this Reserve Bank by submitting an application in the prescribed form to the Central Office of Reserve Bank. On approval for these cases, permission is granted initially for a period of 3 years, depending upon the condition that expenses of such office will be met exclusively out of inward remittances; such offices are not permitted to create any income in India.